Roberto Abraham Scaruffi: August 2014

Sunday, 31 August 2014

Dibattito dal tema:
"I vinti giusti: un certo sguardo sul futuro"

Dibattito dal tema: "I vinti giusti: un certo sguardo sul futuro"

Todi 29 agosto 2014 - 1h 15' 29"

Immagine della schedaAlessio Falconio (Direttore di Radio Radicale) intervista Fausto Bertinotti nell'ambito della XXVIII edizione del Todi Festival in programma dal 21 al 31 agosto 2014.
DIBATTITO - Evento organizzato da 

 Daily Headlines

...accusations of a major Russian "invasion" of Ukraine appear not to be supported by reliable intelligence. Rather, the "intelligence" seems to be of the same dubious, politically "fixed" kind used 12 years ago to "justify" the U.S.-led attack on Iraq. We saw no credible evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq then; we see no credible evidence of a Russian invasion now.

This is part two of the transcript of my interview with James C. Scott. We talk aboutAnarchy, State Decreed Patronymic Naming, Vernacular Knowledge, Bottom-up Urban Planning, centralization vs. decentralization
The former Russian provinces, which Soviet party leaders carelessly attached to Ukraine at a time when it seemed to make no difference as all were part of the Soviet Union, are now independent republics with their own governments. The West pretends that this isn't so, because Washington and its puppet capitals don't recognize the independence of formerly captive peoples.

By Sally McMillan
Borders, Borders
The Middle East is in chaos. It's time to fix the mistakes of the past. It's time to find ME, not Western, solutions. Why not let the UN try to fulfill its role to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war?
By Eric Zuesse
More than 50,000 U.S.-backed Troops Are Fighting in Ukraine's Civil War. Why?
Clearly, Obama has been the aggressor; Putin is playing defense in Ukraine, just as JFK did in the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the USSR was trying to station nuclear missiles in our backyard.
35% of American Adults Have Debt 'In Collections' - Slashdot
According to a new study by the Urban Institute, 35% of U.S. adults with a credit history (91% of the adult population of the U.S.) have debt "in collections" -- a status generally not acquired until payments are at least 180 days past due. Debt problems seem to be worse in the South, with states hovering in the 40%+ range, while the Northeast has it better, at less than 30%.
Dozens of major GOP donors, Wall Street Republicans, and corporate lobbyists have told Politico that if Jeb Bush decides against running and Chris Christie doesn't recover politically, they'll support Hillary Clinton. "The darkest secret in the big money world of the Republican coastal elite is that the most palatable alternative to a nominee such as Senator Ted Cruz of Texas or Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky would be Clinton," concludes Politico.

Libertarians want to abolish Social Security, screw over working-class Americans, and take all the money that would go towards Social Security and invest it in Wall Street, so that their wallets can get even bigger. There's over $2.5 trillion sitting in the Social Security Trust Fund right now. They don't want to have any responsibility for society. Screw society!
This article explores what I think has become just about a mental illness-- the desire for "more" and the corollary "bigger." This is a disorder that has been stoked and encouraged by the media, even by political leaders. But is it really what we want, and is it at all healthy or normal?
Few consider Washington Times, founded by the Unification Church to fight Communism, a valid news source. Still the paper's "news" this week that Chicago carriers were stopping crime is right out of the Onion
By Eric Zuesse
Diane Ravitch Condemns 'Accountability', I Dissent, She Responds. So: Let's All Discuss It.
The consequences of rating teachers according to how much they improve their students' performance will be very different from the consequences of rating teachers according to simply how well their students perform.
The United States is indeed the Great Satan leading the world astray with its beliefs that limitless wealth brings happiness, that bombing can be a humanitarian act, and that "fearing for our lives" justifies killing others.

By Suzana Megles
Who Wears Fur Today?
Cleveland Armory, who was truly a defender and champion for animal welfare and concern for suffering animals, would often end his talks with - Why can't we be kind? Much kinder than would be my question - Why are we so cruel?
Mitch McConnell Runs Away From Reporters After Leak Of Secret Speech To the Kochs
In the leaked audio, McConnell admitted that the Kochs run the Republican Party, and that he will be carrying out their agenda if Republicans win the majority in the Senate. The leak of the secret speech combined with McConnell's promise to shut down the government if Obama doesn't do what he wants has led to McConnell literally running away from the media. In an interview eight days ago, McConnell threatened government shutdowns. The backlash caused by his annoucement of his strategy caused him to change his tune during an interview with CNN, "I'm the guy that's gotten us out of the shutdowns that some of our members have pushed us into in the past. That does not mean that you should send the president a total blank check with no restrictions at all on how the money is spent."
Plastic bags create a direct threat to wildlife, like the Pacific leatherback sea turtles, that mistake the bags for food. A study of more than 370 leatherback sea turtle autopsies found that one in three had plastic in their stomach, most often a plastic bag.

From the "Victim" of a Pedophile
Personalized blogs with a built-in readership. Whether you write original work or cross-post your previously published work, let us bring the readers to you. [Interesting and thought provoking article on pedophilia, more factual and less emotional than most I've seen. In important topic, particularly when you start to realize the extremely extensive nature of this behavior.]
With salt water as its fuel, which it converts to electricity, it has a top speed of over 200 mph and has now been approved for public road use in Europe.

Teachers are lazy, greedy, and overpaid. At least that's what many on the Tea party wing believe. Here's why they're wrong (again)
By Remi Brulin
Israel's decades-long effort to turn the word 'terrorism' into an ideological weapon
The article focuses on the history of the Israeli discourse on "terrorism," and the central role Benjamin Netanyahu played in shaping it in the 1980s.
By Franklin Lamb
No American Arms for Lebanon To Fight ISIS until Civil Rights for Palestinians
For Palestinians, a microcosm can be said to be that Lebanon's sects continue to deprive them of the basic civil right even to work and pressure are building not just for an intifada but for a jihadist revolt across Lebanon.
By David Chester
Sudan--Child Slavery
In this remarkable speech Simon Deng, an ex-child/slave from Sudan explains that what has been going on in the genocidal situation of this part of North Africa is a far truer expression of what Arab terrorists seek to achieve, than the small scale of the hostities and loss of life that is getting all the world's attention in Gaza.
Is history repeating itself? Not exactly, and not yet, but the same stupid cast of characters seems to be rising to the occasion.

Over the past six years after every election, a relatively common question is why do so many Americans dependably vote against their own self-interests. Despite poor white people in southern red states barely surviving on slave wages, welfare, food stamps, and no adequate healthcare, they routinely vote for Republicans openly campaigning on driving their constituents deeper into poverty. It is true that opposition to Democrats as surrogates for an African American President is driven by racial animus, but even that fails to explain poor white voters electing abusive Republicans promising to eliminate programs that keep them alive and block Democratic attempts to lift them out of poverty.
The prominent Bahrain human rights activist and critic of the ruling family, Maryam al-Khawaja, has been arrested by authorities on her arrival at the Gulf state's airport.
Professor William Lazonick's essay on U.S. corporations, "Profits Without Prosperity," shows why American workers are losing out in today's economy.
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said the United States' fresh sanctions against Iranian entities and companies run counter to the Geneva deal between Tehran and the six world powers, warning that Washington's continued hostile moves have made Iranians distrustful of the US. Asked by NBC network if the new US sanctions would damage the chance for striking a final deal with the world powers, the president said other 5+1 member states have not taken any action that Iran could deem as a damage to the talks since the Geneva deal was signed in November, and "the United States is the only country that Iran holds deep doubts about its good will for the settlement of the nuclear standoff."
Where is the justice? Since 1997, Monsanto has filed 145 lawsuits, or on average about 9 lawsuits every year for 16 straight years, against farmers who have "improperly reused their patented seeds." The biotech giant hasn't lost a single case, either. Not one. This includes when farmers tried to sue Monsanto over cross-pollination of their organic crops with GMO seed. For example, a federal court dismissed one of those cases, saying that it couldn't protect Monsanto against unfair lawsuits should they side in the farmers' favor.
Global Warming (what experts call Climate Change) is a dire threat to the health and well-being of millions of Americans. In the coming decades it will do trillions of dollars of damage to the American economy. Imagine what the city of Miami is worth; but much of it is doomed. We have locked in a four foot sea level rise over the next 80 years or so. But that is an average. In some places it will be higher (the ocean is not smooth). There will be episodes of rapid rise and storm surges leading to substantial coastal flooding for some towns and cities.
By andre vltchek
India is where?
Is India a genuine democracy? The author argues that it is not, in fact India is a nation like the US, no more than a formal democracy in which a plutocracy controls all the shots and the masses count for little or nothing.
By molly cruz
Old Bones
To vote for Hillary Clinton, I'd have to abandon a conviction that has evolved over the decades, as I've been around a while. I don't have high hopes for her as Commander in Chief.

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"berry" (song poetry)
...o, berry, o, berry, o, berry, o... (Song poetry)

 Best News Links from the Web

Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), the head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in an interview to air Sunday on NBC's "Meet The Press," that President Barack Obama had been "too cautious" in his response to the threat posed by Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria. "I think I've learned one thing about this president, and that is he's very cautious. Maybe in this instance, too cautious." "I do know that the military, I know that the State Department, I know that others have been putting plans together," the senior lawmaker added.

The European Union Times

Posted: 30 Aug 2014 07:13 AM PDT

Traveling from Shanghai to San Francisco in under two hours may sound like a fantasy, but China believes it’s figured out how to design an underwater vehicle that can make the idea a reality.
More worryingly, though, is the possibility that the technology will be used to develop even more dangerous weaponry.
According to the South China Morning Post (SCMP), the super-fast technology was developed by scientists at the Harbin Institute of Technology, and would allow underwater submarines or torpedoes to exceed the equivalent speed of sound under water – about 3,600 miles per hour.
The idea is based on the old Soviet concept of supercavitation, which involves creating a large air bubble around an object so that it could avoid facing too much friction and travel through water quickly.
Professor Li Fengchen said that when the vessel hits the water, one of its mechanisms continuously sprays a “special liquid membrane” all over the object’s surface. This membrane eventually wears off, but by the time the vessel reaches 46 miles per hour, it’s going fast enough to enter supercavitation state and generate an air bubble capable of helping it cover previously unknown distances.
“Our method is different from any other approach, such as vector propulsion,” Li told SCMP. “By combining liquid-membrane technology with supercavitation, we can significantly reduce the launch challenges and make cruising control easier.”
In theory, this means a trip across the Pacific Ocean would take only 100 minutes, while a transatlantic voyage could be undertaken in less than an hour.
Despite the claims of progress, Li added that there are still significant hurdles scientists have to overcome, such as creating precise steering controls and an engine strong enough to power the whole operation.
Many details surrounding the technology remain unknown, since the project is still categorized as a military secret. Supercavitation could still be used to create fast-moving torpedoes and other weapons, and the US, Russia, Germany, and Iran are all working on the same issue.
Still, Li said there could be ways to use the breakthrough to benefit more than just militaries. It could pave the way for fast underwater transportation, or help create swimsuits that allow for unprecedented mobility.
“If a swimsuit can create and hold many tiny bubbles in water,” he said, “it can significantly reduce the water drag; swimming in water could be as effortless as flying in the sky.”
Posted: 30 Aug 2014 05:09 AM PDT
The skeleton of a fetus left inside mother for 36 years.
Doctors have removed the skeleton of a 36-year-old fetus that had been inside an Indian woman.
The skeleton was found inside a 60-year-old woman in Maharashtra after she came to a medical center complaining of pain in the abdomen.
“The woman suffered a miscarriage because the fetus had been growing outside of her uterus. She became pregnant at the age of 24, in 1978,” said head of surgery at the N.K.P. Salve Institute of Medical Sciences in the city of Nagpur. Doctor Murtaza Akhtar.
The skeletal remains are matured including numerous parts of a rib cage, leg and arm bones and sections of a skull, spine and pelvis.
The medical team could successfully remove the calcified mass that was lodged between the woman’s uterus, intestines and bladder.
The case is the longest ectopic pregnancy which has been reported so far, said doctors.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the egg implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
Posted: 30 Aug 2014 05:06 AM PDT

Researchers and Internet sleuths believe that they have already uncovered the location of next year’s secretive elite Bilderberg Group meeting.
It is claimed that the 63rd Bilderberg confab, at which prominent political, financial and business figures will gather, is to be once again held in Europe. The exact location is said to be the Interalpen-Hotel Tyrol, a remote “five-star hotel conference centre” in the Austrian mountains.
The location of the 2015 gathering has reportedly already been confirmed by Austrian police, who spoke with the Austrian press agency APA. While the police spokesperson declined to give precise details about security requirements, it was confirmed that preparations are underway. The police, according to the Austrian report, will also be preparing for protests.
Interalpen-Hotel is surrounded by forest and mountains, close to a ski resort, and not too far away from Innsbruck airport. Its ‘Meetings And Events’ brochure, states that “the hotel lies at an altitude of 1,300 metres in an exclusive setting in the Tirolean Alps and offers panoramic views of magnificent mountain peaks.”
The venue, owned by Swiss manufacturing giant The Liebherr Group, has a 400-capacity conference centre with “a magnificent Alpine backdrop”. The hotel previously hosted the Bilderbergers in 1988, 27 years ago. If the latest reports are correct, 2015 will mark the third occasion that the conference has been held in Austria.

The meeting is usually held in early June. Enquiries to the hotel revealed that it is already fully booked on the first two weekends of June (4th-7th and 11th-14th).
It seems that the elites have returned to form following this year’s relatively transparent location in Copenhagen Denmark, where reporters were able to get up close and personal with attendees as they wined and dined.
If the Interalpen-Hotel is indeed used as the venue for 2015, it will be reminiscent of the 2011 meeting in St. Moritz, Switzerland, when Bilderbergers retreated into the mountains, shielded by winding roads and forest cover.
The uncovering of Bilderberg has come earlier than ever before, perhaps reflecting the intense scrutiny that the group has come under in recent years. It should be noted, however, that Bilderberg has been known to throw out red herrings and double book different hotels to throw reporters off the scent, and with 10 months notice, a new venue could easily be arranged.
While the mainstream media habitually fails to afford Bilderberg the press coverage it demands – characterizing the group as a mere “talking shop” – innumerable examples of the organization having a direct impact on global policy have been documented in recent years, leading to charges that the group is fundamentally undemocratic in nature.
In 2010, former NATO Secretary-General and Bilderberg member Willy Claes’ admitted that Bilderberg attendees are mandated to implement policy decisions that are formulated during the meeting.
Bilderberg has influenced major global events ahead of time, picking Presidents and Prime Ministers on a regular basis with total contempt for the democratic process.
In 2013, Italian lawyer Alfonso Luigi Marra requested that the Public Prosecutor of Rome investigate the clandestine organization for criminal activity, questioning whether the group’s 2011 meeting in Switzerland led to the selection of Mario Monti as Prime Minister of Italy.
In 2009, Bilderberg chairman Étienne Davignon even bragged about how the Euro single currency was a brainchild of the Bilderberg Group.
Posted: 30 Aug 2014 04:59 AM PDT

A group of child abuse victims in the British town of Rotherham have launched a legal compensation suit amid growing outrage in the country over the failure of authorities to stop 16 years of abuse.
Attorneys for 15 child sexual abuse victims in the northern English town announced on Wednesday that they are seeking up to $165,000 each in compensation for the official negligence.
David Greenwood of Switalskis Solicitors, who is acting on behalf of the 15 victims, said they were seeking compensation because local officials and police did not act to stop the abuse sooner.
“Rotherham Council and South Yorkshire Police missed clear opportunities to prevent the sexual exploitation of dozens of girls in Rotherham,” he said.
A report out Tuesday estimated that some 1,400 children in the town of the 250,000 had been sexually exploited by gangs of Asian men (mostly Muslims).
The South Yorkshire police and crime commissioner Shaun Wright, who was the local council member in charge of children’s services during some of the time when the abuse took pace, resigned from the Labour party over the scandal.
But Wright insisted he would not leave his current post as regional police chief despite calls for him to quit over the extent of the abuse.
Some victims were doused in petrol and threatened with being set alight, threatened with guns, made to witness violent rapes and threatened they would be next if they told anyone, according to the report.
The estimated figure was extrapolated from a random sample of 38 children who were known to the social services and police because of past difficulties, plus a range of other case files and reports.
The head of the local council, Roger Stone, resigned immediately after the publication of the report which detailed “blatant” failures, including officials ignoring numerous reports of exploitation or blaming the victims.
No council officers, however, are facing disciplinary action over what happened.
Posted: 30 Aug 2014 04:49 AM PDT

NATO is reportedly working towards the creation of an expeditionary force composed of 10,000 troops from seven different member states as a result of escalating tensions with Russia over the conflict in Ukraine.
According to the Financial Times, the force’s creation will be spearheaded by Britain and involve contributions from Denmark, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Norway, and the Netherlands. Canada is also interested in joining the group, but it’s not known what its final decision will be.
Although no formal announcement has been made, British Prime Minister David Cameron is expected to declare its formation at the upcoming NATO summit in Wales on September 4th.
Many specifics have yet to be worked out or announced, but planners are reportedly implementing ways to increase the number of soldiers involved even more if necessary. Air and naval units will be integrated into the group, as well as ground troops led by British commanders.
As noted by the Times, the creation of the force comes as a response to Russia’s involvement in the ongoing Ukrainian crisis, with the ultimate goal being to “create a fully functioning, division-sized force for rapid deployment and regular, frequent exercises.” NATO has accused Russia of deploying more than 1,000 troops into Ukraine to bolster separatists in the eastern part of the country.
Russia, however, insists that it does not have troops operating inside of Ukraine and has dismissed NATO’s assertions.
Despite the fact that NATO has opted not to act militarily in Ukraine, unnamed sources told Foreign Policy on Friday that there are no plans to confront Russia with anything more than stronger sanctions, Jonathan Eyal of the London-based Royal United Services Institute said the group needs to demonstrate that its eastern European members are just as integral to the alliance as other states.
“We need to end the idea of different zones of security in Europe,” he told the Financial Times. “We need to be talking about prepositioning, regular rotation of troops and making it very clear that we do not accept that the eastern Europeans are in some different category of membership of NATO.”
The revelation also arrives just a few days after NATO’s Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen expressed interest in forming “a more visible presence” in Eastern Europe in the form of facilities capable of rapidly receiving “response forces” needed to counter Russia.
For his part, Russia’s envoy to NATO, Aleksandr Grushko, said any attempt to stretch further into the region would impact Moscow’s own security planning.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 01:39 PM PDT

Ukraine’s Cabinet has asked the country’s parliament to consider dropping the country’s non-aligned status and seek membership of NATO.
Prime Minister Arseny Yatsenyuk’s government submitted to the parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, a draft bill that would cancel Ukraine’s non-aligned status and revive the country’s quest to join NATO, a path ditched by ousted President Viktor Yanukovich in 2010.
The move followed a decision by Ukraine’s National Security and Defense Council. It also coincided with an emergency meeting of NATO ambassadors in Brussels to discuss the ongoing crisis in east Ukraine.
If passed, the law would ban Ukraine from joining any political unions which would prevent it from eventually achieving “its key and sole goal” – membership in the European Union, Yatsenyuk said, the government’s press service said in a statement.
Following the adoption of the law, Ukraine will be forbidden from being a member of the Eurasian Customs Union and Eurasian Economic Community, and any other unions “which are in essence nothing but Russia’s Soviet Union,” Yatsenyuk stated.
The premier asked President Petro Poroshenko to classify the draft bill as urgent and called on the parliament to immediately consider it.
Defense Minister Arsen Avakov praised the decision as a “very correct one.”
“If the parliament approves it, the path to NATO will be open,” Avakov said on his Facebook page. “Only madmen would counter such a decision in the current situation.”
NATO said it would respect Kiev’s possible decision to seek membership of the military alliance.
“This is a fundamental principle that each and every nation has an inherent right to decide itself, on its security policies and its alliance affiliations,” the bloc’s chief, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, told the media at an extraordinary meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission.
He indicated that the military alliance would be open to discussing Ukraine’s application if it meets the conditions for membership.
“I am not going to interfere with political discussions in Ukraine, but let me remind you of NATO’s decision taken at the Bucharest Summit in 2008 according to which Ukraine will become a member of NATO, provided of course that Ukraine so wishes and provided that Ukraine fulfils the necessary criteria,” he said.
However, the issue was not discussed at Friday’s gathering in Brussels, Rasmussen added.
During the meeting, NATO reiterated its earlier accusation of Russia being “engaged in direct military operations inside Ukraine” and supporting “separatists.” It claimed that “Russia continues to maintain thousands of combat-ready troops close to Ukraine’s borders,” Rasmussen said in a statement.
“This is a blatant violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” he said.
“At the Wales Summit next week, we will meet President Poroshenko to make clear NATO’s unwavering support for Ukraine,” Rasmussen said.
Earlier this week, NATO released satellite images that were offered as “proof” that Russian combat troops were taking part in special operations in eastern Ukraine. The images – as before – were provided by a commercial company, DigitalGlobe, operating civilian satellites.
Moscow called such evidence “ridiculous.”
“You know, it has become ridiculous… If earlier, someone would at least put their names on those images, be it [Supreme Allied Commander Europe Philip] Breedlove, Rasmussen, or even [NATO Spokesperson] Lungescu, now, they are hesitant,” Russia’s Defense Ministry spokesman Major-General Igor Konashenkov said, RIA Novosti reported. “It makes no sense to seriously comment on this.”
However, NATO is using the pretext of a Russian “threat” to push for a “readiness action plan” that will bring the military bloc closer to Russian borders than ever, despite objections from some members of the alliance.
Rasmussen said earlier that would attempt to overcome internal opposition and agree to the deployment of military bases near the Russian border.
The military bloc is also establishing four trust funds to finance the modernization of the Ukrainian army. Some member states, Rasmussen said, have already said they were planning to make their donations to these funds.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 01:33 PM PDT

Moscow has responded to accusations of a Russian invasion of Ukraine, saying there is no proof to support the allegations.
“No facts about a Russian military presence on Ukrainian territory have ever been presented. There have been reports about satellite imagery exposing Russian troops’ movements, however they turned out to be images from video games. The latest accusations happen to be much of the same quality,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said, referring to accusations by Ukraine and a number of its Western allies.
Lavrov made the remarks at a joint press conference with his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif in Moscow on Friday.
Lavro’s comments came after the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) released satellite images allegedly showing Russian tanks and armored vehicles crossing into Ukraine from Russia.
A Russian civilian told the Press TV correspondent, “This war is nothing but brothers killing brothers, if the people in the east want to be a part of Russia, it is their decision, Kiev should not tell them what to do.”
Meanwhile, Russian President Vladimir Putin called on the pro-Moscow protesters to allow Ukrainian soldiers trapped in Novoazovsk to flee the coastal town.
Alexander Zakharchenko, a leader of pro-Russia forces, also said that he had agreed to offer a “humanitarian corridor” for the Ukrainian troops to leave the battlefield in the restive eastern parts.
However, Zakharchenko added that Kiev’s forces should abandon their armored vehicles and ammunition before leaving.
Ukraine’s mainly Russian-speaking regions in the east have witnessed deadly clashes between pro-Moscow forces and the Ukrainian army since Kiev launched military operations to silence pro-Russians in mid-April.
Violence intensified in May after the two flashpoint regions of Donetsk and Luhansk held local referendums, in which their residents voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence from Ukraine.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 01:07 PM PDT

Overconsumption of salt in Brazil increases risk of cataracts and damage to the retina. In Brazil cataracts, clouding of the lens, grows faster than the population over 60 years, although the disease is related to aging. According to the Penido Burnier Institute ophthalmologist, Leoncio Queiroz Neto, one of the factors contributing to this growth is the high consumption of salt.
Just to give you an idea, a survey of IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) shows that Brazil continues to consume more salt than recommended, even after the recent reduction of sodium in some processed foods. The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends 5 grams of salt/day but in Brazil on average daily consumption is more than double, 12 grams.
According to Queiroz Neto, apart from the early appearance of cataracts, this habit can damage the retina.
Salt, he explains, regulates extracellular fluids and substances in our body. The abusive use may anticipate cataract formation because it hinders the maintenance of osmotic pressure between the crystalline cells and forms deposits that make it opaque. The expert says that the Brazilians do not take seriously the influence of habits on eye health because the effects are not immediate.
Proof of this is a survey developed by the physician with a sample of a thousand people about solar protection. The study shows that less than 1% protect the eyes from the sun in outdoor activities, and only 40% used sunglasses with lenses that block ultraviolet radiation.
In addition to controlling salt intake he says to prevent cataracts it is important to use lenses with ultraviolet protection in outdoor activity, even during the winter and cloudy days. Dark lenses without protection are worse than not using anything he says, because they allow greater penetration of radiation into the eyes.
Hypertension can affect the retina
Queiroz Neto says that vascular retinal changes related to high salt intake are due to hypertension. Earlier, he comments, the change is imperceptible because it is characterized by arteriosclerosis, or degeneration and narrowing of the arteries in the back of the eye. The problem is the lack of control of hypertension. It can trigger disc edema, formation of new vessels and retinal cell death due to ischemic occlusion of the central retinal vein or bleeding that causes serious vision loss.
Treatment depends on the type of change. For those who have atherosclerosis is indicated avoid smoking another great enemy of vision. Queiroz Neto says that ischemic occlusion of the central retinal vein and the formation of new vessels may predispose to glaucoma. In this case it is essential that laser treatment is performed to eliminate neovascularization.
The sooner the treatment is done, the better the result. In cases of bleeding the treatment is associated with the use of laser therapy and anti-angiogenic therapy but the results are not always satisfactory. Therefore, the recommendation to those who have hypertension is to consult an ophthalmologist annually and perform physical activities that help keep the pressure under control.
Tips to reduce salt
Queiroz Neto says that 70% of the salt we consume comes from processed foods and the reduction of sodium by the industry is gradually being implemented. So it is essential to read the packaging since the same type of product may have great differences in the amount of sodium. Other tips from the doctor to reduce consumption are:
  • Replace common salt with light salt which has 50% sodium
  • Avoid sausages, soups and products that contain sodium glutamate.
  • Remove the salt shaker from the table
  • Eat more natural herbs to get to know the real taste of food
  • Increase the consumption of fruits and fresh vegetables.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 12:42 PM PDT
This is the first photo of Iran’s homegrown Bavar-373 missile defense system.
Iran has finished manufacturing a homegrown missile defense system, which is as powerful as the S-300 system that Russia refused to deliver to the Islamic Republic.
The Fars news agency published on Friday the first images of the long-range Bavar-373 missile defense system, saying that it is meant to carry the message of self-sufficiency of Iranian armed forces to the world.
Last February, commander of Khatam al-Anbiya Air Defense Base Brigadier General Farzad Esmaili said the missile is expected to be ready by March 2015.
He said the infrastructure for manufacturing Bavar-373 were prepared and the “bottlenecks” in the project were removed.
Under a contract signed in 2007, Russia was obliged to provide Iran with at least five S-300 defense systems.
However, Moscow refused to deliver the system to Iran under the pretext that it is covered by the fourth round of the United Nations Security Council sanctions against Tehran over its nuclear energy program.
Over the past years, Iran has attained self-sufficiency in producing important military equipment and systems.
On August 24, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani unveiled two marine cruise missiles, Ghadir and Nasr-e Basir, as well as two unmanned aerial vehicles, Karrar-4 and Mohajer-4, during a ceremony in Tehran.
The Islamic Republic has so far designed and manufactured a variety of indigenous missiles, including Sayyad-2, Khalij-e-Fars (Persian Gulf), Mehrab (Altar), Ra’d (Thunder), Qader (Mighty), Nour (Light) and Zafar (Triumph).
Iran unveiled its first domestically-manufactured long-range combat drone, the Karrar (Striker), on August 23, 2010. Since then the country has manufactured a variety of other high-tech surveillance and combat unmanned aerial vehicles.
The Islamic Republic has repeatedly assured its neighbors that its military might poses no threat to other countries, insisting that its defense doctrine is based on deterrence.
Posted: 29 Aug 2014 12:22 PM PDT
A woman and the body of a person killed in an artillery attack on Lugansk.
At least 2,593 people have been killed in eastern Ukraine since the start of the Kiev’s military operation against anti-government forces there started in mid-April, according to a new estimate by the Office of the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights.
The death toll includes civilians, members of the Ukrainian troops and also fighters in the anti-government forces.
“The trend is clear and alarming. There is a significant increase in the death toll in the east,” Ivan Simonovic, U.N. Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights, told journalists.
“The current number of killed is 2,593 – close to 3,000 if we include the 298 victims of the MH17 (Malaysian airliner) plane crash,” he said.
The report, issued on Friday, August 29, 2014, and covering the period July 16 to August 17, condemns the killing and wounding of civilians in urban areas, which have lately turned into battlefields.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay has called on both sides of the conflict to lay down their arms.
“There is an urgent need to end the fighting and violence in the eastern regions, before more civilians are harmed or forced to flee, or face intolerable hardships trapped inside the conflict zones,” she said.
Pillay has urged all of the military units fighting in eastern Ukraine against “deliberately targeting civilians.”
“All those involved in the hostilities in the affected areas of the east must at all times comply with the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution. This is particularly important in densely-populated areas,” she said.
The report says half the population of the cities of Lugansk and Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, have now left. However, evacuation has not been easy and not all of those wanting to flee were able to do so.
Some civilians lost their lives while trying to escape the violence, as the report says refugees were targeted and killed on their way out of conflict zones.
“Supposedly ‘safe’ corridors established by the Ukrainian forces to enable residents to flee from these cities traversed areas where the fighting was ongoing. Civilians using these corridors were subsequently killed or injured,” the UN HR office statement on the report reads.
The report accuses the anti-government forces in Ukraine’s east of allegedly preventing residents from leaving war zones, conducting attacks from densely-populated areas, and obstructing the international investigation into the crash of the Malaysian Airlines flight MH17.
Both sides have been blamed for deaths of civilians, abductions and torture.
The report also focuses on pro-Kiev volunteer battalions under the Ministry of Defense or under the Interior Ministry. According to the document, those forces are responsible for multiple human rights violations.
“The relevant ministries should exercise more control over these volunteer battalions, in particular instructing them in international humanitarian law,” the report reads.
It also urges Kiev against reprisals targeting the populations of territories which were once under the control of the anti-government forces.
“Military prosecutors and the Security Service of Ukraine have already investigated over 1,500 cases of various offences committed by local officials and citizens in the east, and more than 150 people have been prosecuted,” the report reads. “Residents of these regions back under the control of the government report the fear of reprisals, the lack of confidence that their own cases will be investigated, and fear that impunity will continue with no accountability.”